S AM 04 – Arch/Scapes

Schweizerisches Architekturmuseum (ed.)

S AM 04 – Arch/Scapes

Die Verhandlung von Architektur und Landschaft in der Schweiz/Negotiating Swiss architecture and landscape

February 2008

88 pages, 119 mainly colour illustrations, paperback, 22,5 x 30 cm

German/English

ISBN 978-3-85616-365-5

CHF 17.00 / EUR 10,00

Switzerland’s landscapes – in particular the rural & alpine typologies – are considered public terrain, and a precious asset. New architecture, that is to be developed within this landscape, is the result of complex democratic processes, in which not only the Cantons – the individual states – but also numerous public bodies protecting the Swiss traditions, have a decisive voice. Concerted moves to preserve traditional building types – from the chalet to the cow pen and the ski hut – mean that with few exceptions, architecture, that intends a radical relationship with a given context, will not survive a public referendum.

How then, does the architect modernise, adapt, and advance the design of Swiss architecture beyond the legal restrictions defined by society at large? The wide range of featured buildings have been chosen for the skill, with which innovative forms have been devised and new positions negotiated. The subtle manner, in which legal obstacles have been reinterpreted in favour of unfamiliar forms and new materials, is a defining process, one that maintains the balance between the needs and desires of the client and public opinion. In particular we focus upon the processes, by which buildings set a new accent within a context, in dialogue with the landscape, thus establishing an unusual sense of scale or reinterpreting traditional typologies.

Interviews with the featured architects and several clients describe the specific culture of production and design, that is highly attuned to the contemporary realities of the changing landscape of Switzerland. The statements make tangible a fundamental subtext of architectural production within this context: the negotiation between preservation and innovation, between playing to traditional sensibilities and affecting a necessary rupture in conventional typologies, that is often the result of ingenious adaptations of planning regulations.

The individual statements are as heterogeneous as is Switzerland’s public terrain. New forms have been generated by traditional and sustainable means to harmonise with a surrounding context. Industrial architecture can be designed to blend in almost invisibly with the landscape. The classic mountain chalet can be parodied with a highly modernised, even ironic underworld. A mountain hut redesign effects a transformation of traditional form to state of the art self-sufficiency using the most lightweight and modular constructions. Highly traditional building methods are adapted to fit contemporary needs whilst still maintaining cultural specificity. The landscape can become such an integral part of architecture, that interior and exterior worlds blend and interrelate through the interplay of transparency and abstraction. Often the response to a restricting context is to draw nature into an interior world in a form of architectural introspection.

The featured projects are offset throughout the exhibition by the photographs of Joël Tettamanti, which contrast the extreme alpine landscapes with the scattered urbanisation, that defies clichéd perceptions of Switzerland as a rural and lakeside idyll. This framing of the featured architecture with these large-scale images of fragmented topographies is meant to underline a contemporary Swiss reality. Within this reality the careful negotiations between private and public primarily to maintain norms and traditions are increasingly compromised. The gradual erosion of the Swiss landscape by urbanisation means, that new architecture will in future need to devise entirely new typologies, that take account of uncharacteristic forms of public terrain.
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